Earlier i wrote about how to deploy vanilla Kubernetes as a TripleO service. This article follows suit in describing how to deploy OpenShift Origin in the same way, also 3 masters and 3 nodes, using TripleO Quickstart as the driving mechanism. Please be aware that these posts describe a work-in-progress development environment setup, not a polished final end user experience.


We use exactly the same architectural approach as described earlier in the Kubernetes post. Please read the Architecture section of the Kubernetes post if you are interested in the general perspective.

Integration of openshift-ansible

We install OpenShift Origin by having integrated with the openshift-ansible installer. We use TripleO’s external_deploy_tasks to generate the necessary input files for openshift-ansible, and then we execute it. The files that we generate are:

  • an inventory,

  • a playbook, configuring NetworkManager and then including the byo/config.yml playbook from openshift-ansible (“byo” stands for “bring your own hosts”, TripleO can take care of provisioning the hosts),

  • a file with Ansible variables for openshift-ansible.

If you want to explore the code, see the service template openshift-master.yaml as of 12th January 2018 There’s also openshift-worker.yaml service template, which tags nodes to be recognized by the inventory generator as workers, and sets up worker node firewall rules.


Prepare the environment

The assumed starting point for will be having a deployed undercloud with 6 virtual baremetal nodes defined and ready for use.

There are several paths to do this with TripleO Quickstart, the easiest one is probably to deploy full 3 controller + 3 compute environment using --nodes config/nodes/3ctlr_3comp.yml, and then delete the overcloud stack. If your virt host doesn’t have enough capacity for that many VMs, you can use a smaller configuration, e.g. 1ctlr_1comp.yml or just 1ctlr.yml.

For detailed information how to deploy with Quickstart, please refer to TripleO Quickstart docs.

Deploy the overcloud

Let’s prepare extra-oooq-vars.yml file. It’s a file with Quickstart variables, so it will have to be on the host where you run Quickstart. The contents will be as follows:

# use t-h-t with our cherry-picks
overcloud_templates_path: /home/stack/tripleo-heat-templates

# use NTP, clustered systems don't like time skew
ntp_args: --ntp-server pool.ntp.org

# make validation errors non-fatal
validation_args: ''

# network config in the featureset is for CI, override it back to defaults
network_args: -e /home/stack/net-config-noop.yaml

# deploy with config-download mechanism, we'll execute the actual
# software deployment via ansible subsequently
config_download_args: >-
  -e /home/stack/tripleo-heat-templates/environments/config-download-environment.yaml

# do not run the workflow
deploy_steps_ansible_workflow: false

And /home/stack/net-config-noop.yaml file (referenced above) will have to be on the undercloud, and it has these contents:

  OS::TripleO::Controller::Net::SoftwareConfig: /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/net-config-noop.yaml
  OS::TripleO::Compute::Net::SoftwareConfig: /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/net-config-noop.yaml

For OpenShift Origin specifcally, it’s important to set the controllers’ NIC config to net-config-noop.yaml to avoid depending on OVS. (The default net-config-bridge.yaml would create a br-ex OVS bridge. Then openshift-ansible would stop OVS on baremetal and start OVS in a container. Given that the default route would already go through br-ex at that point, stopping baremetal OVS could effectively “brick” the controllers in terms of network traffic.)

Now let’s reuse the undercloud deployed previously by Quickstart, and deploy the overcloud Heat stack. This could be done with quickstart.sh too, but personally i prefer running ansible-playbook for more direct control:

# run this where you run Quickstart (likely not the undercloud)

# VIRTHOST must point to the machine that hosts your Quickstart VMs,
# edit this if necessary
export VIRTHOST=$(hostname -f)
# WORKSPACE must point to your Quickstart workspace directory,
# edit this if necessary
export WORKSPACE=$HOME/.quickstart
source $WORKSPACE/bin/activate
export ANSIBLE_ROLES_PATH=$WORKSPACE/usr/local/share/ansible/roles:$WORKSPACE/usr/local/share/tripleo-quickstart/roles
export ANSIBLE_LIBRARY=$WORKSPACE/usr/local/share/ansible:$WORKSPACE/usr/local/share/tripleo-quickstart/library
export SSH_CONFIG=$WORKSPACE/ssh.config.ansible

ansible-playbook -v \
    -i $WORKSPACE/hosts \
    -e local_working_dir=$WORKSPACE \
    -e virthost=$VIRTHOST \
    -e @$WORKSPACE/config/release/tripleo-ci/master.yml \
    -e @$WORKSPACE/config/nodes/3ctlr_3comp.yml \
    -e @$WORKSPACE/config/general_config/featureset033.yml \
    -e @extra-oooq-vars.yml \

Now let’s install openshift-ansible on the undercloud. For development purposes i get the 3.6 branch from source, but it can be installed via RPM too:

sudo yum -y install centos-release-openshift-origin36
sudo yum -y install openshift-ansible-playbooks

With the overcloud Heat stack created and openshift-ansible present, we can fetch the overcloud software config definition and deploy it with Ansible. In real use cases this can be done together with Heat stack creation via openstack overcloud deploy command, but we’re taking an explicit approach here:

# clean any previous config downloads
rm -rf ~/config-download/tripleo*

# produce Ansible playbooks from Heat stack outputs
tripleo-config-download -s overcloud -o ~/config-download

# skip this in case you want to manually check fingerprints

# deploy the software configuration of overcloud
ansible-playbook \
    -v \
    -i /usr/bin/tripleo-ansible-inventory \

This applies the software configuration, including installation of OpenShift Origin via openshift-ansible.

Hello Origin in TripleO

At the current stage, it’s best to ssh to an overcloud controller node to manage the Origin cluster with oc or kubectl.

After smoke testing with e.g. oc status, you can try deploying something on the Origin cluster, e.g. according to the instructions at OpenShift Origin CLI Walkthrough.